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Shooting IR in the DR

August 01, 2022

In the Caribbean Sea just south of Cuba is the island of Hispaniola. The island contains the nation of Haiti and the Dominican Republic. While I can’t suggest visiting Haiti, the Dominican Republic is a tropical paradise.

For a photographer, it’s a dream come true. For an infrared photographer even more so.

 Super Color Infrared at 590nm, Canon R5, RF 16mm lens

I’ve made several trips to “The D.R.” and in case you’d like to consider a visit and photo shoot, I’d like to pass on a few suggestions.  

#1. Do some research and plan your trip to meet your expectations.

The DR is larger than you probably think. At roughly 18,704 square miles, it’s the equivalent of the US states of Vermont and New Hampshire combined. To drive around the island would take you about 35 hours, non-stop. Most tourists tend to go to Santo Domingo, or Punta Cana. These are both resort areas, which is great if you want breakfast buffets and unlimited drink options, but not so great if you want great shots of empty beaches. It is for that reason that I fly in, get a car and get far away from the resorts. In my case, I developed an affinity for Las Terrenas. Located 225 km from Santo Domingo, it is an easy drive to get there. Once there, you will find everything from small, out-of-way places to several large resort hotels. 

#2 Don’t overthink your shooting, don’t overpack when out for the day.

There are a few obvious things; it’s a tropical climate, have plenty of bottled water, wear a good sunscreen. 

When I did my first day-shoot in the DR I wore myself out because I had so much to carry.  I had a large backpack full of lenses and a full-size tripod.

That was a mistake.

Since the majority of what you’ll be shooting is landscape-type images, I use an ultra-wide lens the most.  In my case, as a Canon shooter, I went with a full-spectrum converted Canon R5 with the Canon RF 16mm f2.8 lens or the IRIX EF 15mm f 2.4 lens with the EF-RF converter ring. Both of these lenses work well for Infrared, posing no problems with hotspots.  The IRIX lens is a personal favorite of mine, but the RF16mm is very small and easy to travel with. About 95% of what I shot was done with an ultra-wide lens, the rest was with a 24-105mm.  Because I am shooting Infrared, I prefer the EF 24-105mm f4 L as it has no hotspots.  The RF 24-105mm f4 L can be prone to hotspot issues.  If you want to be certain you don’t miss any shot, consider a lightweight telephoto.  In my case that was the Canon RF 100-400 f/5.6-8 is usm lens.  This lens is very light, moderately priced, and has no hotspot issues. 

Now I’ve gone from a big bulky backpack to the ThinkTank Photo Retrospective 15 backpack that is small and manageable and doesn’t look like a camera bag.

 

Because I trimmed down my gear to just what I really needed, I had space for other things like a poncho.  

Which is a good idea. Like most tropical locales it’s not unusual for there to be s sudden, quick burst of rain.  

I also brought extra batteries and memory cards.  Nothing is worse than being in the perfect spot and then running out of battery or storage.  This brings us to the next point.

#3 Don’t underthink it . . . . .  Shoot everything!

I’m sure you’ve heard the saying the best time to shoot a vertical shot is right after a horizontal one.

Do it.  You won’t regret it.  There is no such thing as overshooting with digital photography.  End up with images you don’t need?  There’s a delete key for that.

Here we have a Standard IR image at 720nm and a Hyper Color image at 470nm

#4 If possible, try different types of Infrared

Along the same line as the previous one, try the same scene in Color and Infrared.  Or, if you have the capability, try different wavelengths of IR. You will see a difference in the images.  If you have a full-spectrum camera you just change the filters on the lens.  If you have a dedicated conversion you can go up the spectrum.  For example, if you are shooting Super Color Infrared at 590nm you can add a 665nm, or 720nm filter to capture IR images.

Here is the same scene in Super Color IR at 590nm, and Hyper Color IR at 470nm

Super Color IR at 590nm, and Standard IR at 720nm

The same scene can have a different feel depending on the nanometer of Infrared you capture the image in.

#5 Budget yourself sufficient time to shoot

I often hear photographers say they wish they’d more time at a location.  Plan for that. 

Don’t pull up to a spot and say, “I’ll only be a minute”. 

You are either going to miss some great shooting opportunities or irritate the person you are traveling with.  I have found that the location I can park is often far away from the best image locations.  Wander a bit, it will pay off.

This next part goes with this idea

#6 Get off the beaten path and explore

Ever drive along and think, “I wonder where that road goes?”  Find out!  Some of the best images I’ve made where taken in such locations. One of my favorite images from this year’s trip to DR is a spot I found by following a road until it ended and I was faced with this.  Just a few horses among the palm trees.

Super Color Infrared at 590nm

I never would have found this if I didn’t get off the beaten path.

and finally,

#7 Try something new

Don’t be afraid to experiment while you are shooting.  I always carry a 5-stop ND filter whenever I go out to shoot.  In bright conditions, it will often improve the contrast.

Since I had it, why not try some longer exposures?  

So I did.  And it worked out. 

This is a Super Color IR image at 720nm, ISO 50, f11, 15 seconds

And without a tripod!  

How? I used a fallen tree to balance the camera.  The image was slightly unlevel, but that was easily corrected.  I liked the blurred water and the movement of the palm fronds helped created the feeling of movement.

So, what do you think?  If you are looking for a great place to shoot Infrared, consider the Dominican Republic.

If you’d like to see the entire series I made on the D.R.  click here

 


Long Exposure Infrared Photography

July 01, 2022

I love the look of long-exposure photography.  You can create a different look and feel to a scene.  Long-exposure Infrared images are possible, with the right preparation and gear. 

Let’s go through some simple steps to getting a great long exposure Infrared image.

#1. Get a good tripod.

Over the past few years, the quality of tripods has improved and the prices are reasonable.  Carbon fiber tripods are usually best as they are very light and easy to carry.  I use a tripod made by Sirui, The Traveler, and it weighs under 2 pounds.

#2 Get good quality, Infrared neutral density filters

If you’ve shot long-exposure images before, you know that not all ND filters are the same.  Many will add a color cast to the images that you then have to deal with in post-production.  When it comes to Infrared photography, some ND filters have little to no effect or only offer half the number of stops they are marked for when used for natural color photography.  Prior to their release, I tested the Life Pixel IR ND filters and I can tell you that they truly offer both 5-stop and 10-stop reduction for both Infrared and natural color images.  That’s great because you only need to carry one set of ND filters for all your photography.

The question that often comes up is, “Do I need a 5-stop or 10-stop, or both?”  I carry both as it allows me to adapt to every shooting scenario.  Depending on shooting conditions and the amount of available light, I’ve even had circumstances where I’ve stacked a 5-stop on a 10-stop because I needed it.  On seriously sunny shoots, I will use a 5-stop ND filter and still be able to shoot hand-held to maximize my contrast in the images.

#3 Pick your scene to fit a long exposure. 

The idea with a long exposure is to capitalize on the effect of keeping your shutter open longer.  There are things that will help make these images look better, and a few things to consider not doing as well.  If you are shooting a scene with water, especially running water, a long exposure will blur the water. 

This is a Super Color 9-minute exposure with a 10-stop ND at ISO50, f22

Even a pond will take on a different look as the surface will get smooth and mirror-like.

This is a Super Color 4-minute exposure with a 5-stop ND at ISO 50, f22

Now, see what happened to the clouds in this image?  Often times I will try long exposures on cloudy days as it adds a little to the images when the clouds show movement.

However, if it’s windy, that can blur your trees, which may or may not be the look you are going for.

#4 Set your camera properly

Make it easier on yourself by setting your camera right.  Start with the lowest ISO setting you have available.  Many new mirrorless cameras have a “Low” ISO setting which is the equivalent of ISO 50.  By setting your ISO you now need more light.  Next, take your f-stop to a higher number.  The higher numbered f-stop requires more light. 

Here’s a little trick; in a pinch when I didn’t have an ND filter I have dropped my ISO to 50, upped my f-stop to f22, and have been able to lengthen my shutter speed sufficiently to capture a long exposure.

#5 Use a remote or delayed shutter

When you are capturing a long exposure, the last thing you want is anything that negatively affects the image.  No matter how careful you are, pressing the shutter button can jar the camera slightly, affecting the image.  Most cameras allow for some sort of remote shutter activation by a wireless remote or a cellphone app.  If you don’t want to do this, instead consider setting your camera for a delay.  Then when you press the shutter button you can move your hand away before the shutter actually opens.

#6 Budget more time for long exposures

One thing that always amuses me is how long it takes to capture such a small number of long exposures.  I have had a one-hour shoot time generate only 6 or 7 images.   Give yourself enough time to try different things and to shoot different exposure times.  If possible, try a location at different times of the day for a different look.

#7 (Most Important) Enjoy the process!

I watch some people shoot and they get so serious I wonder if they are actually enjoying themselves?  This is your art form, and for many, your hobby…. it should be fun.  Enjoy the process!  Try different things,  different exposure times, camera heights, and camera angles.   Don’t stress over the results, focus your energy on enjoying the image capture experience.  If the images don’t turn out the way you want, ……… don’t show them to anyone and go back and try again.

 

Below are a few more examples of Infrared long exposures. 

I have a portfolio of IR long exposures you can see here

 

 

 

 


3 Steps to a Black & White Infrared Image

June 01, 2022

 

Like most photographers, I love black-and-white infrared images. There is a purity and intensity to a well-crafted monochrome image, and there are many software options out there to help convert an image to black-and-white. In my experience, the best way to convert an infrared image to monochrome is a method that gives me the most control over how each color is translated. Filters that automate the conversion  process often don’t allow for fine control, or end up creating images that are noisy, grainy, or just look too “cookie cutter.”  I don’t want someone to see my monochrome infrared images and respond, “Oh, you used that ‘insert name’ filter.”

I prefer to convert each image manually, taking into consideration the unique characteristics of the image. 

I’ve developed an easy, three-step process that works well with infrared images.

Let’s start with this image.

This is a Super Color image at 590nm.  

Step One: Balance Your Image

We want to start with an infrared image that’s been corrected for exposure and color, so begin by making these basic adjustments. If you are not proficient with levels and curves, consider using Photoshop’s auto-corrections under the Image menu: Auto Tone, Auto Contrast, and Auto Color

Then complete a red/blue channel swap. If you aren’t comfortable doing that, watch this YouTube video of mine.

Now you have an image that looks like this.

This completes step one.

Step Two: B&W Conversion

Once you have an infrared image that looks natural and properly exposed, select Image / Adjustments / Black & White. 

 

This opens the Black and White dialogue with six color channel sliders: Reds, Yellows, Greens, Cyans, Blues, and Magentas 

These sliders control how each color will be rendered in your black-and-white conversion. By moving a slider to the left, you darken that color, and by moving the slider to the right, you lighten that color. Here you’ll begin to create a unique interpretation of your image based on your personal artistic preferences. Take your time with this step and remember that each color will become a different shade or tone. 

As is the case with Super Color Infrared, we have four color tones, Red, Yellow, Blue & Cyan.  I chose to darken the Blue and Cyan tones to add intensity to the sky. I then proceeded to lighten the Red and Yellow tones in the foliage to make it pop out against the darker sky. There’s no right or wrong amount of adjustment here—you’re simply experimenting to find the look that you want. When you’re done, click “OK”.  Now the image looks like this.

Now for the last step.

Step Three: Fine Tune With Selective Color

The last step is to fine-tune your monochrome Infrared image for even more control over the tonality.

For this, we’ll use Selective Color: Image / Adjustments / Selective Color 

This step really makes a big difference in the final look of your image.

In the Selective Color dialogue, you’ll see four sliders: Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Black. We’re going to use the Black slider exclusively.

 

You’ll also see a Colors drop-down menu. This menu allows you to select the colors and tonal ranges in your image and adjust them individually (Figure 8). Since we’re adjusting a monochrome image, we’ll only be working with Whites, Neutrals, and Blacks.

Select these from the drop-down one at a time and then move the Black slider to make your adjustments. Moving the slider to the right adds more black and moving it to the left reduces the amount of black.

When adjusting your Whites, reducing black will make the whites pop, but you lose detail. If you add black, you’ll see more detail in the highlights. Adjusting your Neutrals will have more of a global effect, lightening or darkening the image overall. Finally, increasing the Black in your Black channel will produce intense, deep shadows which is what creates the drama in a black-and-white image that most people look for, especially with infrared images.

In my example image, I chose to increase the Black in the White channel to bring more detail into the palm fronds. Next, I increased the Black in the Neutral channel to slightly darken the image overall. Then, I increased the Black in the Black channel just a bit to add a touch more contrast. 

Here’s the finished image.

And here is a side-by-side comparison, before and after.

Now, wasn’t this easy?

Creating dramatic black-and-white images doesn’t require a difficult process. Examine the colors and tones present in your original image, decide on what elements you want to emphasize, and then use these quick steps to create images with visual impact.

 

 


Shooting a Canon R5 with a 40 year Old Lens

May 10, 2022

 

Recently while online I came across a device that really caught my eye.  It is an adapter ring allowing an old Canon FD film lens to be connected to a Canon RF mount.  For some people that may seem strange, but I immediately knew I had to have it, and the best part is the cost is very low, less than $20 on Amazon.  

So, I ordered the adapter and then had to wait the whole two days to get it. 

While I was waiting, I went to the curio cabinet I have my “old” cameras in and got out my last film camera, my Canon AE-1.

Still mounted on it was my favorite lens, the Sigma 28-85mm 3.5- 4.5  This was when Sigma still made great lenses.  I can still remember the thrill when I purchased this lens is in the summer of 1979.  It was my favorite lens until I switched to digital.  

Since I hadn’t really touched it for almost two decades, I thought it a good idea to clean it.

That was a good idea.  Just a “bit” of dust.  Everything on the lens seemed to be in working order, but would it work with the adapter?   A 40+-year-old lens on a state of art digital camera?

I would know soon enough.

Once the adapter arrived, I immediately strapped it on my Full Spectrum Canon R5 and stepped outside to see if it worked. 

 

And it did! 

Now, you have to manually set the f-stop and manually focus the lens, but it did work.  

So, how about Infrared?  

Uh-Oh

My R5 is full-spectrum, the Sigma lens is 67mm, my filters are 77mm, …… and I don’t have a step-down ring. 

I really don’t want to wait another 2 days to test this.

This is when luck kicked in. 

The lens has been sitting for all this time with a Cokin “P” series filter holder on it and, amazingly enough, it holds (with a bit of work) a 77mm filter.

So, I can now shoot Infrared with my new/old lens.

20th century, meet the 21st.

So now I have a full spectrum Canon R5 with a 40-year-old film lens attached.

I’m ready to go out and shoot. 

And then it rains for the next 3 days.  

Figures.

Finally, a nice sunny day to test out my old/new combination.

I picked a sunflower field.  Sunflowers always look good in infrared and are fun to shoot. 

I am used to manually focusing a lens since I am a brand ambassador for Lensbaby and love their lenses, so I felt fairly certain I could use this old lens.

The first thing I learned was that the infinity setting on the lens wasn’t quite accurate.  When attempting to focus at infinity it felt a bit soft.  I tried a few landscape images and the image above was the best of the lot. Not bad, but also not great.  

So next I tried the sunflowers for some close-up shots.

This is where the lens really seemed to perform the best. 

because of the difficulty of fitting the IR filter on the lens, I stuck to shooting Super Color at 590nm.

The more I worked with the lens, the better my results, but it was a little tedious.

 

My final decision was mixed.

Yes, it works and it was fun to use a very old lens on a new camera, . . .

But,

If I wanted to go out again I would just grab one of my Lensbaby lenses and use it because the focus is sharper and the lens, in general, is easier to use.  

So, if you want to try something like an art lens for a very little bit of money, consider ordering this convertor.

By the way, I found this on Amazon  here .

 

 


A simple adjustment to Super Color Images

April 08, 2022

 

Super color Infrared is by far our most popular Infrared conversion because it offers such a wide range of options in post-production.  When properly white balanced, you have 4 color tones, Red and Yellow in the sky and Blue and Cyan in the foliage.  When channel swapped, it has a great faux color look.

The problem though is this isn’t the way a Super Color often looks.  Here’s an example

Here’s our properly White Balanced Super Color image. 

Now let’s channel swap it.

Not exactly the same as the others.

The image above has all four color tones, these below do not, they are mostly Blue and Yellow.

To get this look is very simple.

Step 1.

In Photoshop, open Image, Adjustments, Hue/Saturation

Step 2.

In Hue/Saturation change the color from Master to Cyans.

Step 3. 

Move the Hue slider on the Cyans to the right, into the blue, effectively changing the Cyan to Blue. 

Step 4.

Next, change the color to Red.

Step 5.

Move the Hue Slider on the Reds to the right, effectively changing the Reds to Yellow.

Step 6.

See how your new image looks now.

Now depending on each image, you may need to adjust the sliders differently to get the desired results.

But that’s all there is to it.

Now it’s your turn, give it a try.

 

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